Intéressante application de cellules souches issues de la moelle osseuse.
Liu JY, Swartz DD, Peng HF, Gugino SF, Russell JA, Andreadis ST.
OBJECTIVE: Stem cells have significant potential for development of cell-based therapeutics for cardiovascular tissue regeneration.
METHODS: We developed a novel method for isolating smooth muscle cells (SMC) from ovine bone marrow using a tissue-specific promoter and fluorescence-activated cell sorting.
RESULTS: As compared to vascular SMC, bone marrow-derived smooth muscle progenitor cells (BM-SMPC) exhibited similar morphology, showed higher proliferation potential and expressed several SMC markers including alpha-actin, calponin, myosin heavy chain, smoothelin, caldesmon and SM22. When embedded in fibrin hydrogels, BM-SMPC contracted the matrix and displayed receptor- and non-receptor-mediated contractility, indicating that BM-SMPC can generate force in response to vasoreactive agonists. We also prepared tissue-engineered blood vessels from BM-SMPC and BM-derived endothelial cells and implanted them into the jugular veins of lambs. As early as five weeks post-implantation, grafted tissues displayed a confluent endothelial layer overlaying the medial layer in which BM-SMPC were aligned circumferentially and synthesized significant amounts of collagen. In contrast to previous results with vascular SMC, BM-SMPC synthesized high amounts of elastin that was organized in a fibrillar network very similar to that of native vessels.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that BM-SMPC may be useful in studying SMC differentiation and have high potential for development of cell therapies for the treatment of cardiovascular disease.
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